Biointerface Coatings With Structural and Biochemical Properties Modifications of Biomaterials

Chin-Yun Lee, Shu-Man Hu, Jane Christy, Fang-Yu Chou, Theresia Cecylia Ramli, Hsien-Ye...


Designing a successful biological interface for a biomaterial requires the application of concepts from multiple fields, including materials science, surface science, nanoscience, physics, and biochemistry. With current biomaterials, such as polymers, ceramics, and natural materials, the original inherent properties of these materials no longer suffice for the needs of advanced and stringent biotechnological and medical applications that require controlled precision of physical and biochemical properties. Thus, the development of surface modifications to provide coatings that alter the interface properties of the original materials is pursued with much success to render desired and sophisticated interfacial properties. With acknowledging the available processing materials and fabrication techniques of the biointerface coatings, perspectives from advanced achievements in both physical and biochemical properties of the coating interfaces, and anisotropic presentations of these properties such as gradient of specific properties, the control of interface properties in confined micro/nanodomains and/or in introduced topographical geometries to mimic relevant biological activities is discussed in depth. The mentioned interface properties and the intended interactions toward biological microenvironments in vitro and in vivo are reviewed. Future prospective biointerface coatings with combinatorial and complementary properties from the discussed disciplines are suggested by the authors’ opinions. Last, challenges of current works demonstrating practical and important applications are discussed.

KEYWORDS: biointerface,   biomaterials,   bio/nano   interface,   functionality,   surface   coating